China is in! Sort of. Why you can't wait or think only active vs. passive?

Jun 22, 2017

Aleksey Mironenko

Partner, Chief Distribution Officer

A quick review of what MSCI did and didn't do, its impact, why it matters and how investors should approach China going forward.

Welcome everyone to our inaugural Point of View. Going forward, we’ll do our best to offer thoughts on topics that interest us, hopefully with a different point of view from the mainstream comments by asset managers and banks. This time, however, we must follow the tide and offer our take on China’s MSCI inclusion. We’ll cover a few areas briefly:

  • What did (and didn’t) happen - a short summary
  • What’s the impact - not much today, but long-term matters
  • Is MSCI behind the curve - China in the context of today, not tomorrow
  • Is a smarter approach needed - basic alpha and beta both miss a trick

So, what happened?
MSCI announced that they will include A-shares into their major indices in 2018. Here are the details:

  • 222 large-cap & stock connect eligible A-shares representing 0.73% of MSCI EM
  • 45 of these stocks already have offshore listings and simply increase in weight
  • 2 phase implementation (May & Aug 2018), subject to daily stock connect limit
    Here’s what is not included:
  • 195 mid-cap stocks in the original proposal are now excluded
  • 10 large-cap stocks that are not stock connect eligible
  • 32 large-cap stocks suspended for 50+ days or at time of index reviews

Source: MSCI, as of 6/23/2017

What's the impact?
To be honest, not much so far. Markets were relatively muted, and for good reason:

  • 0.73% of EM equals 0.1% of all country portfolios. Most investors can actually ignore this as it is too small to impact tracking and performance materially.
  • China is already ~28% of EM so the addition is minor at best for now.
  • Roughly $16B of A-share purchases will occur as a result of this decision. That is less than 50% of 1 day's trading in China!
  • There’s very little new economy here – the included stocks are ~48% Financials, 12% Industrials and 8% Energy. Not exactly the part of China many of us would like exposures to today.

Source: Bloomberg, Premia Partners as of 06/23/2017

Those hoping for global institutions to put some sanity into Chinese markets will have to wait a bit longer. That said, this is obviously important long-term:

  • MSCI is giving Stock Connect its approval by saying that there's enough capacity for inclusion (see below chart for utilization of ~4% per day only)
  • China will over the long-term displace not only its AxJ neighbors, but also developed market countries as the size of EM within global portfolios grows with continued China's inclusion over the next 5-10 years.
  • Eventually, in the very long-term, global institutions will exert enough influence for changes in Chinese markets to occur. Until then, the 90% of trading by retail investors will continue to drive markets, and that means there's opportunity!

Source: Bloomberg, Premia Partners as of 06/23/2017

Long-term, this decision by MSCI will force investors to start looking at China, will drive the movement of research and portfolio staff to Asia and will be the defining market event of the next 5-10 years. (Unless we have a major recession again, but those thoughts are for another day).

Is MSCI behind the curve?
I wouldn't be asking if I didn't think so - China's fundamental improvement efforts and portfolio allocation benefits are clear.

Let's talk about what's happening onshore. The global version is debt, slowing manufacturing, yuan weakness and ridiculous volatility. The facts on the ground though, are quite different:

  • Volatility is down and in line with global markets as authorities in China work methodically to address concerns
  • CNY has settled around 6.9 and has even strengthened a bit. China's FX reserves actually increased every month so far in 2017.
  • Manufacturing PMI has sat over 50 since 1Q16, with the exception of a 49.9 reading in July last year.
  • Little known fact – CSRC is rejecting more IPOs to improve market quality, leading to a lack of supply in a market that is already relatively cheap.
  • Onshore correlations remain very low vs global markets, improving portfolio diversification (at a time of high DM valuations no less!).

Source: Bloomberg, Premia Partners, as of 05/31/2017

There are many bears no doubt, but as the world increases its allocation to Chinese equities and valuations mean revert one way or another, I’d rather make my move into China ahead everyone rather than behind them.

OK - I'm convinced. Time to find a good active manager for China, right?
Much of the above is likely not new to you. And in fact, I’ve already written too much and am not sure who is still reading. So to wrap things up quickly, I'll spend a few sentences previewing next week's write-up.

Most people tell me that active is the way to go in China because there’s lots of fraud, lots of alpha and active managers still outperform. So beta for developed markets and active for emerging markets, particularly China. Right?

Most people tell me that active is the way to go in China because there’s lots of fraud, lots of alpha and active managers still outperform. So beta for developed markets and active for emerging markets, particularly China. Right?
We formed Premia Partners to challenge this thinking. We are converting academic research from leading thinkers on factor investing into better China investment tools. More details soon, but here's a preview:​

  • Retail investors drive a majority of transactions in China and govt-related entities hold a large portion of market cap.
  • These uninformed and non-economically motivated investors make the same mistakes as global investors, but there are more of them and therefore the opportunity for gains by informed investors is greater.
  • A plain passive approach does not work – too many financial stocks in common benchmarks, no ability to isolate quality companies and avoid bad ones.
  • An active approach is possible, but doesn't necessarily do better than a factor-driven fundamental beta strategy.

Source: Rayliant Global Advisors as of 06/23/2017

Below are a few quick charts that show the results of this smarter approach.

Hopefully these numbers speak for themselves. We'll go into detail about methodology, rationale and what they actually mean in coming weeks. If you have any questions in the meantime, click contact us at the top. If you didn't get an update about this piece being posted, join our mailing list on the right.


Regards,
Aleksey

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